Rottweiler is a medium-large, robust and powerful dog, black with
clearly defined rust markings. His compact and substantial build
denotes great strength, agility and endurance. Dogs are
characteristically more massive throughout with large frame and
heavier bone than bitches. Bitches are distinctly feminine, but
without weakness of substance or structure.
inches to 27 inches
22 inches to 25 inches
preferred size being midrange of each sex. Correct proportion is of
primary importance, as long as size is within the standard's range.
length of body from prosternum to the rear-most projection of the
rump, is slightly longer than the height of the dog at the withers,
the most desirable proportion of the height to length being 9 to 10.
The Rottweiler is neither coarse nor shelly. Depth of chest is
approximately fifty percent (50%)of the height of the dog. His bone
and muscle mass must be sufficient to balance his frame, giving a
compact and very powerful appearance.
Faults: Lack of proportion, Undersized, oversized, reversal of sex
characteristics (bitchy dogs, doggy bitches).
medium length, broad between the ears; forehead line seen in profile
is moderately arched; zygomatic arch and stop well developed with
strong broad upper and lower jaws. The desired ratio of backskull to
muzzle is 3 to 2. Forehead is preferred dry, however some wrinkling
may occur when dog is alert.
is noble, alert and self-assured.
medium size, almond shaped with well-fitting lids, moderately
deep-set, neither protruding nor receding. The desired color is a
uniform dark brown.
Faults: Yellow (bird of prey) eyes, eyes of different color size,
hairless eye rim.
medium size, pendant, triangular in shape; when carried alertly the
ears are level with the top of the skull and appear to broaden it.
Ears are to be set well apart, Hanging forward with the inner edge
lying tightly against the head and terminating at approximately
Faults: Improper carriage (creased, folded or held away from
bridge is straight, broad at base with slight tapering towards tip,
The end of the muzzle is broad with well developed chin. Nose is
broad rather than round and always black. Lips - always black;
corners closed; inner mouth pigment is preferred dark.
faults: Total lack of mouth pigment (pink mouth).
& Dentition - Teeth 42 in number (20 upper; 22 lower), strong,
correctly placed, meeting in a scissors bite; lower incisors
touching inside of upper incisors.
faults: Level bite; any missing tooth.
Overshot, undershot (when incisors do not touch or mesh);
wry mouth; two or more missing teeth.
Powerful, well muscled, moderately long, slightly arched and without
The back is firm and level, extending in a straight line from behind
the withers to the croup. The back remains horizontal to the ground
while the dog is moving or standing.
The chest is roomy, broad and deep, reaching to elbow, with well
pronounced fore chest and well sprung, oval ribs. Back is straight
and strong. Loin is short, deep and well muscled. Croup is broad, of
medium length and only slightly sloping. Underline of a mature
Rottweiler has a slight tuck-up. Males must have two normal
testicles properly descended into the scrotum.
Unilateral cryptorchid or cryptorchid males.
Tail docked short, close to body, leaving one or two tail vertebrae.
The set of the tail is more important than length. Properly set, it
gives an impression of elongation of topline; carried slightly above
horizontal when the dog is excited or moving.
- Shoulder blade is long and well laid back. Upper arm equal in
length to shoulder blade, set so elbows are well under body.
Distance from withers to elbow and elbow to ground is equal. Legs
are strongly developed with straight, heavy bone, not set close
together. Pasterns are strong, springy and almost perpendicular to
the ground. Feet are round, compact with well arched toes, turning
neither in nor out. Pads are thick and hard. Nails short, strong and
black. Dewclaws may be removed.
- Angulations of hindquarters balances that of forequarters. Upper
thigh is fairly long, very broad and well muscled. Stifle joint is
well turned. Lower thigh is long, broad and powerful, with extensive
muscling leading into a strong hock joint. Rear pasterns are nearly
perpendicular to the ground. Viewed from the rear, hind legs are
straight, strong and wide enough apart to fit with a properly built
body. Feet are somewhat longer than the front feet, turning neither
in nor out, equally compact with well arched toes. Pads are thick
and hard. Nails short, strong, and black. Dewclaws must be removed.
Outer coat is straight, coarse, dense, of medium length and lying
flat. Undercoat should be present on neck and thighs, but the amount
is influenced by climatic conditions. Undercoat should not show
through outer coat. The coat is shortest on head, ears and legs,
longest on breaching. The Rottweiler is to be exhibited in the
natural condition with no trimming.
faults: Open, excessively short, or curly coat; total lack of
trimming that alters the length of the natural coat.
Always black with rust to mahogany markings. The demarcation between
black and rust is to be clearly defined. The markings should be
located as follows: a spot over each eye; on cheeks; as a strip
around each side of muzzle, but not on the bridge of the nose; on
throat; triangular mark on both sides of prosternum; on forelegs
from carpus downward to the toes; on inside of rear legs showing
down the front of the stifle and broadening out to front of rear
legs from hock to toes, but not completely eliminating black from
rear of pasterns; under tail; black penciling on toes. The undercoat
is gray, tan, or black. Quantity and location of rust markings is
important and should not exceed ten percent of body color.
faults: Straw-colored, excessive, insufficient or sooty markings;
than described above; white marking any place on dog
rust or white hairs do not constitute a marking).
Any base color other than black; absence of all markings.
The Rottweiler is a trotter. His movement should be balanced,
harmonious, sure, powerful and unhindered, with strong forereach and
a powerful rear drive. The motion is effortless, efficient, and
ground covering. Front and rear legs are thrown neither in nor out,
as the imprint of hind feet should touch that of forefeet. In a trot
the forequarters and hindquarters are mutually coordinated while the
back remains level, firm and relatively motionless. As speed
increases the legs will converge under body towards a centerline.
- The Rottweiler is basically a calm, confident and courageous dog
with a self-assured aloofness that does not lend itself to immediate
and indiscriminate friendships. A Rottweiler is self-confident and
responds quietly and with a wait-and-see attitude to influences in
his environment. He has an inherent desire to protect home and
family, and is an intelligent dog of extreme hardness and
adaptability with a strong willingness to work, making him
especially suited as a companion, guardian and general all-purpose
dog. The behavior of the Rottweiler in the show ring should be
controlled, willing and adaptable, trained to submit to examination
of mouth, testicles, etc. An aloof or reserved dog should be not be
penalized, as this reflects the accepted character of the breed. An
aggressive or belligerent attitude towards other dogs should not be
shall excuse from the ring any shy Rottweiler. A dog should be
judged fundamentally shy if, refusing to stand for examination, if
shrinks away from the judge. A dog that, in the opinion of the judge
menaces or threatens him/her, or exhibits any sign that it may not
be safety approached or examined by the judge in the normal manner,
shall be excused from the ring, A dog that in the opinion of the
judge attacks any person in the ring shall be disqualified.
The foregoing is a description of the ideal Rottweiler. Any
structural fault that detracts from the above-described working dog
must be penalized to the extent of the deviation.
Entropion, ectropion. Overshot, undershot (when incisors do not
touch or mesh); wry mouth; two or more missing teeth. Unilateral
cryptorchid or cryptorchid males. Long coat. Any base color other
than black; absence of all markings. A dog that in the opinion of
the judge attacks any person in the ring.
©The American Kennel Club